The Theban Legion, loyal to both Emperor and God, defied orders to harm fellow Christians. Led by St. Maurice, they chose martyrdom over betrayal in Gaul.
Saint Eleutherius, abbot of St. Mark's near Spoleto, was known for his deep humility and miraculous abilities, including freeing a possessed child and aiding St. Gregory.
Saint Pacificus of San Severino, an ascetic preacher, endured immense suffering, offered for sinners' redemption, and was canonized in 1839 after performing numerous healings.
Saint Paul, Bishop of Constantinople, during the period of bitter controversy in the Church over the Arian heresy. Elected in 336 to succeed Alexander of Constantinople, the following year he was exiled to Pontus by Emperor Constantius II. Here he was deliberately starved and finally strangled by Arian supporters. He is considered a martyr for the orthodox cause and was a close friend St. Athanasius.
Saint Hildegard of Bingen, Doctor of the Church, was a pioneering medieval figure, excelling in theology, music, and mysticism, and leaving a profound legacy for the Christian faith.
Pope Saint Cornelius faced challenges from apostates and the Rigorists, but upheld that repentant lapsi could rejoin the Church with proper penance, before dying a martyr.
Saint Rosalia, born in Palermo and descendant of Charlemagne, chose a life of solitude in devotion to God, her legacy celebrated on September 4th.
The Seven Sorrows of Mary feast originated in 1239 by the Servite Order, focusing on Mary's anguish during Christ's Crucifixion and encompassing events across her life.
The Feast of Mary's Birth honors her unique role and anticipates Jesus' birth, linking Mary closely to the story of salvation in Christian tradition.
During the French Revolution, the Carmelite Massacre of 1792 saw 200 religious figures brutally murdered for refusing a government-mandated schismatic oath. They were later beatified.