All three Synoptic Gospels tell the story of the Transfiguration of the Lord (Matthew 17:1-8; Mark 9:2-9; Luke 9:28-36). With remarkable agreement, all three place the event shortly after Peter’s confession of faith that Jesus is the Messiah and Jesus’ first prediction of his passion and death. Peter’s eagerness to erect tents or booths on the spot suggests it occurred during the Jewish weeklong, fall Feast of Booths.

In spite of the texts’ agreement, it is difficult to reconstruct the disciples’ experience, according to Scripture scholars, because the Gospels draw heavily on Old Testament descriptions of the Sinai encounter with God and prophetic visions of the Son of Man. Certainly Peter, James and John had a glimpse of Jesus’ divinity strong enough to strike fear into their hearts. Such an experience defies description, so they drew on familiar religious language to describe it. And certainly Jesus warned them that his glory and his suffering were to be inextricably connected—a theme John highlights throughout his Gospel.

Tradition names Mt. Tabor as the site of the revelation. A church first raised there in the fourth century was dedicated on August 6. A feast in honor of the Transfiguration was celebrated in the Eastern Church from about that time. Western observance began in some localities about the eighth century.

On July 22, 1456, Crusaders defeated the Turks at Belgrade. News of the victory reached Rome on August 6, and Pope Callistus III placed the feast on the Roman calendar the following year.

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13 COMMENTS

  1. I am curious as to why Bible scholars find it hard to reconstruct the experience. If all three Syntopic Gospels agree and Peter’s second letter also outlines the same basic points, what are Biblical scholars looking for? The apostles were steeped in Jewish tradition, steeped in the Old Testament. Perhaps they did express the experience in those terms but, perhaps, that was because they experienced the Transfiguration exactly as described.

  2. Thank you Jesus for coming to save us from the terrible fires of hell. I LOVE YOU LORD JESUS CHRIST, thank you for LOVING ME. AMEN

  3. Oh Lord I am brokenhearted and my spirit is of great weight please don’t forget me when you gather your faithful because I am yet a sinner..

  4. Thank You, God the Father Almighty, for fulfilling Jeremiah 31:31 and all other prophecies of Your Son Jesus Christ, servant of suffering and our Redeemer. Elijah brings these Prophets into focus alongside the Law of Moses, to demonstrate this final perfect covenant. Unified Old+New Testaments signify the full story of promises kept and are as relevant today as when initially written. The Word Made Flesh. Let us never forget that earthly existence is empty without Christ to connect us to the Father. Let our eyes seek Heaven and our hands seek service. Amen.

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