Born in northern France during the French Revolution—a time when congregations of women and men religious were being suppressed by the national government, Saint Jeanne Jugan would eventually be highly praised in the French academy for her community’s compassionate care of elderly poor people.

When Jeanne was three and a half years old, her father, a fisherman, was lost at sea. Her widowed mother was hard pressed to raise her eight children (four died young) alone. At the age of 15 or 16, Jeanne became a kitchen maid for a family that not only cared for its own members, but also served poor, elderly people nearby. Ten years later, Jeanne became a nurse at the hospital in Le Rosais. Soon thereafter she joined a third order group founded by St. John Eudes (August 19).

After six years she became a servant and friend of a woman she met through the third order. They prayed, visited the poor and taught catechism to children. After her friend’s death, Jeanne and two other women continued a similar life in the city of Saint-Sevran. In 1839, they brought in their first permanent guest. They began an association, received more members and more guests. Mother Marie of the Cross, as Jeanne was now known, founded six more houses for the elderly by the end of 1849, all staffed by members of her association—the Little Sisters of the Poor. By 1853 the association numbered 500 and had houses as far away as England.

Abbé Le Pailleur, a chaplain, had prevented Jeanne’s reelection as superior in 1843; nine year later, he had her assigned to duties within the congregation, but would not allow her to be recognized as its founder. He was removed from office by the Holy See in 1890.

By the time Pope Leo XIII gave her final approval to the community’s constitutions in 1879, there were 2,400 Little Sisters of the Poor. Jeanne died later that same year, on August 30. Her cause was introduced in Rome in 1970, and she was beatified in 1982 and canonized in 2009.

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  1. Dear St Jeanne Jugan — Today I went and celebrated the 77th year of first profession of a cousin of mine who is a Little Sister of the Poor. It was a wonderful event. The archbishop was there to say Mass and attend the meal afterwards.
    I would love to know if anyone knows of another Little Sister who has reached 77 years or longer of first professon?
    Sister Helen is now 95 and is still going strongly. God bless her

  2. Please pray for the repose of my cousinClayton’s soul and my Uncle David. Thank you. I pray that our Father will forgive them their sins, welcome them into his heavenly kingdom, and let his perpetual light and love shine upon them always. I ask this through Christ Our Lord. Amen

  3. Thank you St. Jeanne for finding a place for the poor and elderly. You made and make them feel wanted. Amen. I pray for all the sisters who are dedicating their lives for the elderly to be strong, calm and patient and true to their faith and Jesus on the Cross – Amen


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